Initial involvement of the CAC was with large caliber guns, stationary mounted, along the coastal areas and foreign outposts with forts or fortified gun outposts. We were not prepared for the large scale troop movements, and as the Unite States entered the fighting in Europe, they initially used French or British made weapons.
80% of the men who lost their lives on the battlefields, fell to artillery fire.
The evolution of warfare, specifically the use of aerial bombing and heavy tanks lead to the CAC being deactivated during WWII, and officially abolished in 1950.
Battery C, 151st Artillery, Coastal Artillery Corps
Editors note: The gentleman on the far right is George Allen Bridges of Greensburg, Decatur County, Indiana, my grandfather. Photo from family collection. (He was a member of a WW 1 veterans group, the 3H Club, in Vallejo, California. The 3 H's stood for Healthy, Hearty and Handsome.) Service record: April 12, Noviant; April 29 to May 28, St. Jean; Sept. 12, St. Mihiel; Oct. 21 - 24, Bois de Grand Portin, France. Served overseas from August 14, 1917 to February 3, 1919.
William Wirt Morea, Coastal Artillery Corps, Lake County, Indiana
“While I was with Co. A., Ammunition Train, 1st Div., I was in practically every place in and around the war zone. In order to mention all, I would need a war map of France. I was with the 28th Infantry, 1st Div., which was the first American army outfit across into Germany on December 13, 7:30 a.m. I was also with the H Co. that was in the 2nd Battalion. I believe I'm one of the first boys of Lake County to cross the Rhine. After being chosen for the Composite Army, Co. B., I traveled in every parade they took part in and return with the “General Pershing Guard of Honor” as we were called
Coastal Artillery Corps testing huge mortars at a Fort on the Atlantic Coast
National Archive Photo CN3123 Group 64, Indiana War Memorial Archives
Paul Vernon Wycoff, Coastal Artillery Corps, Ripley County, Indiana
The two-day trip from Newport to New York was full of peril from floating mines. The soldiers wore life belts the entire time. They reached New York in time to march in the Thanksgiving Day parade.
Created by WW1 soldiers from spent shells.
Photo of exhibit from Indiana War Memorial Collection.
Trench Mortar Division shoulder patch
Indiana War Memorial Collection
Edward Leroy Wright, Coastal Artillery Corps, Allen County, Indiana
320 MM Field Artillery Field School, Batteries Land M, 52nd Coast Artillery Corps, 320 MM railway. Army Heavy and Railroad Artillery School, Mailly, Auhe, France.
National Archives Photo 12492 Group 111, Indiana War Memorial Archives
Guns were stripped from US Battleships to be used inland.
US Official Photo, America's War For Humanity
"The longest-range field gun in the world, produced by the Ordnance department, US Army, for service in France, though the hostilities ceased before they reached General Pershing. More than a hundred of these guns are said to have been prepared for shipping to France, and their range and power would probably have an astonished the Germans, as did the great naval guns mounted on railway cars and manned by American seamen, that did such effective work in the closing days of the conflict."